The MLT curriculum consists of 120 or more course units, at least 72 of which are LTI courses, and 24 of which are SCS courses. Most of these are 12-unit courses, although lab courses are normally 6 units. All students have a faculty advisor with whom to discuss and agree upon the actual set of courses to be taken, subject to the above constraints and consistent with the student's area of specialization. Most LTI courses are offered once a year; some are offered only every other year.

Directed research is another integral part of the MLT program. Students carry out directed research during the course of their studies, with guidance from their faculty advisors.

An optional Masters' thesis project may also be chosen.